Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Termination Of Probation Without A Cause Abuse Of Rights...

Termination during probation without a cause is Abuse of Rights and Ground for Malice When a wrongful termination happens to an employee especially during the probation period, then it became a stain in their history record in GOSI –General Organization of Social Insurance- in Saudi Arabia. Almost always the HR does not give a decent way out for the employee by giving the chance of submitting a resignation letter. It makes me wonder if the HR takes pleasures in hurting the reputation of the employee and hurting the employee’s self- confidence. Consequently, reduces the chance for the employee of finding a future job. That itself is a ground for malice in civil court. Why do I urge filing lawsuits when you wrongfully terminated? I urge Saudis and non-Saudis to file lawsuits when they get fired without a cause during a probation period because it’s your responsibility to protect your reputation, family’s name. It is also your responsibility to protect yourself and your family. Also, it helps find peace and moving on. Also, it helps the HR improve their behaviors and prevent them from doing it again to other employees. It is part of our duties for the community. My observations: In fact, the government has been implementing the newest technology in the legal system, so our lives become easier. In fact, when a lawsuit is filed against a company, the government will freeze all the services on the company because an investigation starts to probe the company. Almost always, theShow MoreRelatedCase Overview Ch 1-75762 Words   |  24 PagesLAMSON v. CRATER LAKE MOTORS Jury held for Lamson, company appealed saying lamson had no cause of action   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Issue:  Ã‚  Plaintiff contends he was fired for complaining about sales tactics that   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  violated the company’s code of ethics.  Ã‚  Was this wrongful termination?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Rule:  Ã‚  At-will employment.  Ã‚  Was the stated reason for termination pretextual?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Was this termination a violation of public policy?   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Application:  Ã‚  Plaintiff’s internal complaints ofRead MoreSda Manual Essay101191 Words   |  405 Pages........... If Member Is Not Accepted ....................................................... No Letters to Members Under Discipline ................................ Church Letters Granted Only to Those in Regular Standing ... Not to Vote Letter Without Member’s Approval ...................... Church Boards Cannot Grant Letters ...................................... Conference/Mission/Field Church ................................................. Organized Companies .............................

Friday, May 15, 2020

The A Master s Program For It Management - 1682 Words

The master’s program for IT Management consists of nine core courses that are relevant to the professional field of information technology. The paper for the final project is about the customer relationship management (CRM) system, which is used at a health insurance company. The health insurance company uses the CRM system for customer service strategy, which is aimed at managing and cultivating relationships with customers. The CRM system focuses on the three stages of a healthy customer lifecycle: customer engagement, customer loyalty and customer advocate. The project explains the issues that a user faces daily while using the CRM system and how the use of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) can assist in resolving those issues. The action research oriented feasibility study will be presented to top management. There are diagrams, a chart, and a questionnaire that help to support the research. The remaining eight core courses, however, may or may not support t he study. The study consists of four chapters and an appendix. The first chapter consists of six sections: introduction, situation analysis, premise, definitions, limitations, and delimitations. The second chapter consists of two sections: applied research methodology and the differences and similarities of three case studies. The third chapter consists of only one section: analysis of the questionnaire and interviews. The fourth chapter consists of three sections: findings, conclusions, andShow MoreRelatedBusiness1209 Words   |  5 Pagesstudy the Masters in Sustainable Development in Agriculture offered by Agris Mundus. I completed from Larenstein University of Professional Education in The Netherlands with a Bachelor Honours Degree in Agribusiness and Management. Since 2004 after I completed the degree program, I have gained experience in Business Management through teaching and learning. The Masters in Sustainable Development in Agriculture offered by Agris Mundus will enable me to get more experience in the management of resourcesRead MoreA Master s Program At Queen s School Of Business842 Words   |  4 PagesI am applying to the Master of Science in Management (MSc) program at Queen s School of Business to pursue my interest in Strategy and build a base of knowledge and experience that will position me to pursue a PhD. I currently attend a Master s program at Queen s School of Policy where I am studying Industrial Relations and completing an independent research project in Organizational Behaviour. While pursuing this course of study I have had the opportunity to work with Dr. Kate Rowbotham and otherRead MoreMaster Of Science : Information Science And Technology Essay979 Words   |  4 PagesStatement of Purpose Name: Sujit Subhash Program: Master of Science in Information Science and Technology I am applying for the Master of Science in Information Science and Technology program at the Missouri University of Science and Technology as I believe this program will give me the strongest foundation and skills to one day drive my entrepreneurial endeavors. In the technological age that we live in, the next great idea is just around the corner. This program will help me develop not just the eyesRead MorePersonal Statement : Athletic Director1295 Words   |  6 Pageshave to oversee every sports team. Here is a list of responsibilities for an Athletic Director from the School District of Auburndale in Wisconsin. 1. Prepare a master budget and supervise equipment inventories. 2. 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MoreoverRead MoreWashington State s Primary Land Grant University1017 Words   |  5 PagesWashington State University Washington State University, or WSU, is a public research university located in Pullman, Washington. WSU is the state s primary land-grant university that was founded back in 1890. It is known for excellent agriculture, pharmacy, neuroscience, chemical engineering and veterinary medicine programs. The university is usually ranked within the top 150 high research facilities. The undergraduate enrollment is around 25,000 and the graduate enrollment is around 5,000, makingRead MoreCareer Development And Planning Serves Five Essential Purpose1331 Words   |  6 Pagesshould focus on the early careers concerns of a young employee such as achieving external rewards and acquiring more capabilities and experience. My main goal for Amanda as a manager would begin Amanda career off with a good mentorship. 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Should I go for a Master of Science or MBA (Master of Business Administration)? And that s why I m writing this article. If you re here for the same purpose, read on Getting your masters degree requires a huge investment of your time and a large amount of change you must need, to actually find the answer to your question: Master of Science or MBA which you should pursue? MBA vs. MS If you have already narrowed your optionsRead MoreEastern Michigan University : Community University1025 Words   |  5 PagesUniversity. Eastern Michigan University’s Extended Program brings quality classroom education to extension sites and online learning settings. The university offers evening, weekend and accelerated class formats, which allows working adults to maintain their familiar and professional commitments. The Extended Program offers eight master s degrees, five graduate certificates, three bachelor s degrees and hundreds of online courses. The Extended Program also collaborates with five academic locations

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nike Football World Cup 2010 South Africa - 12246 Words

511-060 Nike Football: World Cup 2010 South Africa Nike Football revenue had grown from $40 million in 1994 to more than $1 billion in 2008. In just under 15 years, it had reached a sales level that took some of its competitors over 50 years to achieve. Although not the end goal, the 2010 World Cup was another unique moment in time for Nike to create separation between the company and its competitors. Edwards knew he had to seize this opportunity and pull his team together to deliver a campaign focused on delivering innovative products and compelling consumer experiences. Creating deep consumer connections during the World Cup would be vital for fueling continued growth for Nike football in the years ahead. Football and the†¦show more content†¦running shoe market and went public in 1980. Nike expanded into sports outside of running, including basketball—with the first Air Jordan’s, a shoe designed for basketball star Michael Jordan—in 1985, and cross training in 1987. The company expanded into apparel in 1986, and expanded into non-sporting shoes in 1988, with the acquisition of Cole Haan. That same year Nike unveiled their â€Å"Just Do It† marketing campaign that, along with the iconic swoosh, helped define the brand in the coming years. By 1990 Nike was the leader in sports shoes and apparel, and dominated running, basketball, tennis and cross-training. In 1995 Nike moved into ice hockey with the purchase of Canstar Sports. In 1996, Nike golf landed a vastly talented but as-yet unproven golfer named Eldrick â€Å"Tiger† Woods. Nike also began investing in the sport of cycling, including in a promising young cyclist who appeared to be on his way to success, until he was diagnosed with cancer. He lost most of his sponsors, but Nike stood by him. In 1999, Lance Armstrong’s incredible comeback resulted in what would be the first of seven consecutive Tour de France titles. Over the years Nike continued to expand and diversify its brand portfolio, acquiring Hurley in 2002, Converse in 2003 and Umbro in 2007. Throughout its history Nike developed a range of shoe technology innovations: waffle outsoles, theShow MoreRelatedNike World Cup Harvard Business Review Questions Essay1545 Words   |  7 PagesMoges 11/18/2013 Sports Marketing Professor Master. Nike World Cup 1. Discuss the factors that have resulted in Nike Football becoming over a $1 Billion division and a major force in the football market. The Nike football brand believed that the only way to seize any kind of opportunity for growth is to first have a product that speaks for itself. Therefore, Nike believed that footwear product innovation should have the most focus. Nike had four steps to product innovation, development, designRead MoreMarketing Communications Campaign of Nike Football Shoes Essay1806 Words   |  8 PagesNike is first created by Phil Knight and Bill Bowerman in 1964, to provide athletes with better shoes. The first year sales of their company totaled around $8,000, and now it is already one of the biggest sport companies in the world. Nike is called the legend of marketing communications. In the next part, I will analyze the marketing communications campaign of Nike football shoes, and explore how Nike put the marketing communication process model into practice. 1. Align with marketing objectivesRead MoreNike and the World Cup 20101320 Words   |  6 PagesSalma Dahbi MKT 5305 December 2nd, 2015 Nike Football: World Cup 2010 South Africa Nike is considered one of the most successful companies worldwide. It is well known for being the greatest producer and provider of sport gear, shoes, equipment, and different services. As most countries are now taking part in all different kinds of sport disciplines, we can undoubtedly say that in nowadays’ business world, the sport industry is deemed as one that is worth billion of dollars. Besides, it isRead MoreSocio-Cultural Impacts990 Words   |  4 PagesFIFA World Cup 2010 launched in South Africa, the main attraction was mostly on gold and diamonds. The number of crime rate is what people knew about South Africa, and since the high crime, so there are not so many people come to South Africa for travel or investment. Therefore, most of the cultural in South Africa are not familiar by the world. But FIFA World Cup has been the biggest and a very successful promotion for the cultural of South Africa and it also make a big impact to the South AfricaRead MoreNike Case Stu dy1890 Words   |  8 PagesNike Presentation of Facts Surrounding Case Background on Football and the FIFA World Cup: Football (Commonly known as Soccer in the U.S.) was and still is the most popular sport in regards to viewership worldwide. In 2006 it was estimated that the sport of football was played by more than 265 million people, and continuing to grow (These estimates were up from 2000, estimated 42 million). Profession leagues exist throughout the world and the most popular teams were in Western Europe. The historyRead MoreAdidas vs Nike Marketing Battle2963 Words   |  12 PagesComparative analysis of Marketing Communications strategies and Mix for athletic shoe brands in the UK: Adidas Vs Nike. Table of contents 1.0 Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦p.3 2.0 Market and Literature Review 3.1 Nike Inc†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..p.3 3.2 Business Segments†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.p.3 3.3 Marketing mix: Nike†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..p.3 3.4 Adidas†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦p.3 3.5 MarketingRead MoreNike World Cup 2010 Case2066 Words   |  9 PagesKenneth Sikora February 20, 2013 MKTG 430 Nike Case Analysis In 1962, Nike started as a US distributor for the Japanese shoe manufacturer Onitsuka under the name of Blue Ribbon Sports selling merchandise out of the back of cars at track meets. It wasn’t long before they realized they wanted to start designing and manufacturing their own brand of athletic footwear. In 1972, they changed their name to Nike and developed their iconic swoosh logo. Their first innovative shoe featured a waffleRead MoreEssay on Promotion of Nike vs. Adidas1745 Words   |  7 PagesPROMOTION! NIKE Nike is the worlds #1 manufacturer and marketer of athletic footwear and apparel. Almost out of the blue, the company established itself as one of the worlds most familiar brands during the 1980s and 1990s.and now 2000s. As familiar as a Coke bottle or Big Mac, the Nike swoosh logo came to symbolize not just sports culture, but street culture, as the appeal of the star players who endorsed the brand was carried onto city streets. Nike is undisputed leader in sports-orientedRead MoreManchester United4671 Words   |  19 Pagesmultiple growth opportunities and new revenue streams. Our digital media platforms, such as mobile sites, applications and social media, are expected to become one of the primary methods by which we engage and transact with our followers around the world.   In addition to developing our own digital properties, we intend to leverage third party media platforms and other social media as a means of further engaging with our followers and creating a source of traffic for our digital media assets. Our newRead MoreExecutive Summary Essay3031 Words   |  13 Pagesequipment in 170 different countries. There focus lies in football, soccer, basketball, running, training gear, golf, and apparel. This is a two billion dollar industry and with Adidas being a main cog. They also specialize in lifestyle goods including SLVR and Y-3 fashion brands. They have trademarked their three-striped logo that has become a global symbol of sporting excellence. They are the #2 sporting goods manufacturer behind only NIKE. Adidas’ main market is the footwear manufacturing industry

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Eating Meat free essay sample

Eating Meat and The Treatment of Animals Eating animals is part of the daily life of billions of people all over the world. Every day, thousands of animals are killed for the production of food for people. We have been brought up eating meat and never questioned it. It is culturally accepted even though modern livestock and poultry production (factory farming) is cruel and gives animals no other purpose for existence except for human consumption. There are particular religions which prohibit eating certain meats or eating meat at all. The religious points of view also cover the topic on the treatment of animals. Cultural practices on eating animals around the world differ from each other and what some may consider the norm may be shocking to us North-Americans. Then there is the question about morality is it possible to eat meat and yet still respect animal rights? There are many different angles to look at this topic. We will write a custom essay sample on Eating Meat or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page For instance, coming from an Islamic background, I have respect for all living creatures and I am against animal cruelty but, when it comes to eating habits, like Wallace, I eat meat because I â€Å"believe animals are less morally important than human beings†. It does not mean that I do not respect animal rights. There is nothing morally wrong about eating animals. The moral issue stems from whether you, personally, have a problem with eating what was once a living animal. In my opinion, animals are not equal to human beings in terms of morality, critical thinking, decisions vs. instinct, or communication; although, some of them come very close. Most people in North America do not think about the meat they eat. When they go to the supermarket, questions such as where did the meat come from and under what circumstances did the animals live in, never cross their minds because eating meat is part of their daily intake of food. Most meats come from large scale live stock and poultry production facilities. These facilities often keep animals in crowded conditions where they cannot move. Calves to be slaughtered for veal often have their hooves nailed to boards so that they will remain stationary. Chickens at processing plants have their beaks clipped to prevent them from attacking each other, a situation which would be less common except that four to five chickens are often kept in a cage with hardly room for one. The idea is simple to process them as quickly and efficiently as possible in assembly line production without regard to animal safety. Their only purpose for existence is for human consumption for food. These types of farming practices are cruel and immoral but the reality is, today, everything revolves around efficiency. Population is growing at a high rate so, to maintain the balance of food animals have to be grown at a high rate as well and as efficiently as possible. Factory farming has become a norm in society and humans are on the top of the food chain. So the argument most people hear is: is eating meat morally right? Instead, they should be asking about the treatment of the animals prior to processing. There is a difference between eating an animal and respecting animal rights. Factory farming may be a norm when it comes to satisfying our gustatory pleasures from eating meat but there are many different ways to look at the moral sides of this. Furthermore, I am a Muslim and I have been eating meat for as long as my teeth were able to chew it. The religion of Islam states that animals exist for the benefit of human beings but at the same time prohibits the cruelty to animals. Also, causing unavoidable pain and suffering to the defenseless and innocent animals is not justifiable under any circumstances. The Qur’an (Holy Book) says animals can be eaten for food but only through certain methods of slaughtering. The animal has to be slaughtered with a sharp object (knife) and in a fast way so that pain of the slaughter is minimized. The swift cutting of the vessels in the neck disconnects the flow of blood to the nerve of the brain which is responsible for feeling pain. While dying, the animal appears to struggle, shake and kick. This is not due to pain, but due to the contraction and relaxation of muscles which are deficient in blood and the blood flowing out of the body. These slaughtering practices are very different from the ones in North America. It is important to have an open minded perspective when discussing the morality of animal slaughter since differences in cultural practices exist. Some other religions consider certain animals to be sacred, but thats a different topic. Just because we kill an animal for food does not mean we cannot show affection and take care of them. I do not see anything immoral about eating meat. Eating is a part of human nature just like drinking water and sleeping. Continuing this further, animals deserve to be treated with respect even if they are going to be slaughtered for human consumption or not because just like humans, they also inhabit earth. Treating animals the same as humans and whether they deserve the same treatment are individual choices. Every human has the choice to eat meat or to be a vegetarian. Wallace states in his article that â€Å"the whole animal-cruelty-and-eating issue is not just complex, it’s also uncomfortable†. By this he means that killing any animal and then eating it is cruel. Just the thought of it is very uncomfortable. Any person who enjoys eating meat will know this because the animal obviously had to be killed in order for the meat to be processed. It all depends on our personal values in life, so I do agree with Wallace when he says animals are less morally important than human beings. Morals are man-made things: they are the right way of behaving or acting in different situations. Being able to determine right from wrong and choosing which action is appropriate. On the other hand, animals do not have morals; even if they did they would not be able to express them in human terms. A cow for instance cannot critically think for itself and chose from right or wrong nor can they make life changing decisions. Pigs are considered one of the smartest animals yet; markets are flooded with pork products. Since humans are on top of the evolutionary chain, they have control over what they eat and how they can produce it. Is it morally acceptable to raise animals for slaughter? In my opinion, yes it is. But I certainly would rather buy meat that comes from animals who did not endure miserable existences on factory farms. The meat is healthier, the animals are happier, and this seems like a mutually beneficial result of humane farming practices. It costs more, but good food usually does. I dont think there is anything morally wrong with eating meat and caring for animals at the same time. I know there are some religions that are against eating certain types of meat. Some religions consider certain animals to be sacred, but thats a different topic. Thats about religion, not morals. I think the majority of people that argue the moral issues of eating meat tend to be concerned with the treatment of the animals. There are ways to raise animals for meat in a compassionate way. Animals do not have to be tortured when they are processed for their meat either. There are humane ways to handle meat processing. But again, meat processing is a different issue from eating meat. I really do not see any moral implications against eating meat.

Monday, April 13, 2020

The Doctrine of Ijma

Table of Contents Ijma as a source of jurisprudence in Islamic banks Modern views regarding ijma Various limitations of ijma as a source of Shariah Findings Conclusions Recommendations Reference Ijma as a source of jurisprudence in Islamic banks As noted by Farooq (2006), Ijma is an Arabic word with two meanings. One of the meanings is to determine while the other is to agree upon something. This word has usage both in the hadith and in the Quran. The author further states that the Sunnah and the Qur’an are foundational sources, while qiyas and ijma are derivative sources. Ijma plays a critical role in the lives of Muslims from a socio-religious perspective because it helps to promote integration. Ijma has become a significant source of influence on many religious issues. In the past, Muslims regulated all their religious doctrines through ijma, which meant that disapproving it amounted to digression. The wide recognition of the concept shows that it is possible to integra te it in Islamic banks.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The Doctrine of Ijma specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Modern views regarding ijma The emergence of numerous schools of jurisprudence (also known as madhabs) plays a critical role in promoting ijma. Besides, Muslims have appreciated that some of these constituting beliefs signify a systematization of the approach, including the various laws, views and regulations. The doctrine of ijma is critical because it helps to regulate the actions of Muslims. Diversity in terms of thinking, as well as providing room for disagreement represents some of the modern views on the issue. These positive moves are essential because they signify dynamism in many ways. However, the modern Muslim thinkers thought it advantageous that broad agreement should prevail in all madhabs with regard to the various facets of customs and worship (Farooq, 2006). Various limitations of ijma as a source of Shariah One of the most notable limitations of ijma is that there is no consensus regarding the source of authority of the various issues surrounding it. In addition, distinguished intellectuals have made several claims that the concept of ijma does not have its foundations on the Quran. Besides, both the hadith and Quran have not been compellingly accepted as the foundation of ijma, which then raises doubts regarding the foundation of its authority. Outstanding academics such as al-Amidi have made serious claims that ijma is probabilistic, which raises doubt regarding its reliability. In addition, Farooq (2006) provides a long list of the issues in which there is no consensus. Findings The findings of this report indicate that while Ijma plays a vital role in the lives of Muslims, some sections of people in that community highly criticize it. Although ijma is a derivative (secondary) source, it helps to promote integration among Muslims. The modern views on the issue signify appreciation for some of its constituting beliefs. Modern views on the issue also reveal diversity in terms of thinking, which is positive because it suggests enthusiasm in some way. The report has also noted a number of limitations regarding ijma that prevent its acceptance across the board. Notable scholars have criticized ijma, which weakens its credibility (Farooq, 2006). Conclusions Ijma is a highly influential concept among the Muslims. The concept has usage in both the hadith and in the Qur’an, which explains its influential role among Muslims. Although modern views regarding the concept are positive, the various limitations have a considerable influence on its applicability as a source of Shariah in Islamic Banks (Farooq, 2006). In the first place, there is no consensus regarding its meaning. Secondly, the various claims by different scholars regarding its foundation also contribute in weakening its acceptance in Islamic Banks. Recommendations This report pre sents the following recommendations to ensure the acceptance of ijma as a source of Shariah in Islamic Banks (Farooq, 2006): There is a need for consensus on the meaning of the concept There is also a need to identify the parties to the agreement to avoid uncertainty Comprehensive measures are necessary to determine the level of competency that should apply to the participants of ijma As Banks usually require some level of certainty, measures such as identifying the scope and period covered are indispensable There is also the need to define the meaning and scope of other terms closely associated with ijma. Reference Farooq, M. O. (2006). The doctrine of Ijma: Is there a consensus? [PDF document]. Retrieved from Lecture Notes.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More This report on The Doctrine of Ijma was written and submitted by user Arielle Harper to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

boo.com

boo.com TEACHING NOTES: Boo.Com (Theme 4, Part 2) A. SUMMARY OF THE CASE This two-part case discusses the rise and fall of Boo.com, a European venture founded by two e-business pioneers from Sweden that targeted customers of the high fashion industry by using thelatest in multimedia technology to create a cyber-sensory shopping experience. It also capturesthe excitement of the early days of business-to-consumer e-business by detailing the ease withwhich the founders of the venture were able to raise millions of investment dollars from a diverserange of capital sources. It then goes on to describe the manner in which the money was spent onimplementing a business plan using technology that was in a sense premature for the massmarkets. The case also highlights the critical need for adequate systems validation and userinterface testing before the launch of a high-profile e-business concept.B. TEACHING OBJECTIVES AND TARGET AUDIENCEThe ability to raise financing for a new e-business venture has o ften been highlighted as being themost critical factor in e-business implementation. This case is most suitable for helping studentsunderstand both the investment process as well as the variables that impact the success of raisinginvestment funding. The case will benefit students interested in the venture financing aspects ofe-business as it provides information about the process used by the founders to secure funding fortheir venture. This case can also be used for advanced undergraduate courses, graduate courses,and executive seminars in systems development for e-business to emphasize the need forstringent quality control in programming, interface testing, and systems configuration inimplementation. It also highlights to this target audience the need for close coordination betweenthe technical, marketing, and financial functions in a start-up e-business venture during the1implementation stage. Being a...

Monday, February 24, 2020

Team Building 1 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Team Building 1 - Essay Example 2. Self-Directed Teams: Self Directed teams are self-managed and take the responsibility of completely managing the entire work segments or processes. In general, these are highly experienced, skilled and knowledgeable groups having considerable power in terms of directing, making decisions and ownership of the entire job (West, 2012) . Self directed teams can be found in companies as teams handling an entire production line or an entire category of brand. A self-directed team can be best utilized by cross-training activities that will help them in mastering their job. Cross-training will also allow better flexibility within the team thereby generating higher performance among team members (Cook, Mangla & Ummer, 2009). 3. Decision team: Decision teams are often found in highest positions in an organization. For instance, the board of directors or strategic management team handle importance decision making task such as setting organizational objectives, long-term and short term vision and strategies for sales and development of products and services. This team is also generally in charge of the strategic and financial plans. The decision team can be best utilized in creating external corporate contacts and developing networks for funding and long-term development and sustainability of the organization (Dyer, W.G., Dyer, Jr & Dyer, G. H. 2007). After consulting with numerous teams and conducting extensive research on the performance, analysts have discovered four â€Å"Cs† which teams need to understand as well as manage for achieving a superior performance. The four Cs are as follows; 1. Context: Context for teams refers to environment within the organization wherein a team must act. High performance teams are known to manage context in an efficient manner by 1) establishing team goals that are measurable, compelling and clear, 2) Making team work a critical component for achieving